On January 30, , he revived Khudai Khidmatgars, the army of non-violent activists that Badshah Khan raised in to free Pathans from. Khudai-Khidmatgar was basically a social movement that was initiated by Badshah Khan in Pakhtun dominated areas. The purpose of this. The Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God) was a group founded by Abdul Ghaffar Khan in the Northwest Frontier of British India. The group was notable for its.

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Marwat, Fazal-ur-Rahim Khan, ed. Add the first question.

Khudai Khidmatgars, Frontier Gandhi’s non-violent army, gets a new life

Khan’s Ministry in because of the events of World War 2, British tactics towards the movement changed to employ divide-and-rule tactics through the instigation of sectarian and communal tensions over brute force. At these schools, people learned to spin thread, grind wheat for flour, and press oil seeds for cooking oil.

The Khudai Khidmatgar opened schools that taught reading, writing, political awareness, cleaning, and sanitation to Indians.

More importantly, such demanding activities trained volunteers for nonviolent war with the British. The ultimate objective of the movement was to prepare the people for a rebel against the British Government. The victim framework, khudaai believes, has stalled social reforms.

Ina split occurred within the Pakhtun Zalmey, the youth organisation affiliated with Bacha Khan’s Khudai Khidmatgar movement.

The warring parties declared ceasefire lhidmatgar a day as thousands walked the distance through the Khyber Pass to Jalalabad in Afghanistan with his remains. Nehru’s fateful visit to the Frontier in October and its tragic aftermath in a gradual erosion of the popular base of the incumbent Khan Sahib Ministry.

Culture, Conflict, and Counterinsurgency. This would help them to put the Pashtoon society on the path of development.

A couple of men had their shirts dyed at the local tannery, and the brick-red colour proved a breakthrough, it was this distinctive colour that earned the Khudai khidmatgar movement activists the name ” the Red shirts ” or surkh posh. The men wore red uniforms and the women black. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quit India Movement.


There are Shias, Sunnis, Fiquies and Wahabis etc, each claiming himself right and the other wrong. While the Ghaffar Khan family maintains a hold over the political philosophy of the movement, its history has largely been wiped out from official memory in Pakistan. An aborted attempt was made to bring Ghaffar Khan into the government as a minister as well as turning the KK movement into a national organization, but Ghaffar Khan turned down the offer.

The purpose of this movement was to bring reform in the Pakhtun society. Two decades after Badshah Khan passed away, a young activist from Farrukhabad, UP, Faisal Khan, found in him an inspirational figure who could show khuvai a path that transcends communal passions of politics. Despite this, the movement stayed true to its non-communal leanings, when the Khudai Khitmatgar came out to protect thousands of Sikhs and Hindus worried they would be attacked in the increasing pre-partition violence between Hindus and Muslims.

The Khudai Khidmatgar campaign kkhidmatgar in educating Indians on the necessary nonviolent tactics to reform society so that, in time, the British could be ousted from India.

Khudai Khidmatgar | Lokashakti Encyclopedia

Full Cast and Crew. The campaign was also successful in achieving several short-term goals, such as increased government finance for education, health, agriculture, and veterinary medicine.

For others, religion is a political baggage, like it was for the Muslim League in the s. Retrieved 24 September This is supposedly proved by its failure to pose a challenge to the Pakistani government amidst khidamtgar crackdown that was far more brutal than any done by the British.

The Pashtun Jirga began publishing a journal called Pashtun. See what’s trending now. Moreover the recipient must publically refuse it if he is sure the heir is below puberty, debtor or taken in on interest or any other unlawful way. Salar Aslam was also a member of the Forward Block and Bacha Khan’s argument was that he could not trust anyone but his elder son, Ghani Khan, whom he wanted to lead Pakhtun Zalmey.


Khan set up a network of committees called jirgasjhudai and modelled after the traditional tribal councils. The decision to resign proved a pivotal moment in Indian history, in the Frontier it was khudxi in giving those groups that opposed the Khudai Khidmatgar movement the opportunity to broaden their constituency.

Trained and uniformed, they served behind their officers and filed out into various villages to seek recruits. The AMU, for instance, has a strong Khidmatgars unit with many girls leading the movement.

Emphasis was also given to the women education.

He said ‘there is an answer to violence, which is more violence. However, khifmatgar social effects of the movement have not survived. Last accessed 22 March Retrieved from ” https: The Provincial Jirgah was the ultimate authority. It is good if it is given not as a custom but solely in the name of Allah.

Despite the initial closeness between Ghaffar Khan and Ali, the harshness of their critique of Gandhi contrasted poorly with the patience shown by Gandhi in Ghaffar Khan’s eyes. Visit Prime Video to explore more titles.

The increasingly liberal movement faced an increasing backlash from conservatives because of its support for the Congress party amidst growing support for the Pakistan movement. Lodi dynasty Suri dynasty Hotak dynasty Durrani dynasty Barakzai dynasty more. Ks requested people in the name of religion and Pathan honor to shun this bad habit of squandering their wealth, quite often borrowed for each occasions.