Coronary artery fistulae (CAF) are classified as abnormalities of a chamber of the heart (coronary-cameral fistula) or any segment of the. Coronary-cameral fistulas are rare congenital malformations, often incidentally found during cardiac catheterizations. The majority of these. Coronary artery fistulas: clinical and therapeutic considerations. Coronary artery to pulmonary artery fistulae with multiple aneurysms: radiological features on dual-source slice . MDCT in the Evaluation of Coronary Cameral Fistula.

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Coronary-cameral fistulas in adults (first of two parts)

Although there is no consensus on treatment of choice of symptomatic fistulae due to its rarity; surgical repair, catheter closure and medical management have been successfully tried. Cardiac imaging in a symptomatic patient with multiple coronary artery-left ventricular microfistulae. A 57 year old male smoker, with a long history of hypertension, corinary with angina.

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A standard 12 lead ECG demonstrated anterior T wave inversion, but was otherwise normal. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Cx: Clinical presentation will generally depend on the haemodynamic significance of the anomaly and most commonly coronary artery fistulae are asymptomatic and are found incidentally. Congenital or acquired CCFs in adults are infrequent anomalies having coronarj wide spectrum of clinical presentation may varies from asymptomatic to severely devastating states requiring different treatment modalities.

COMMENTS Congenital coronary cameral fistulas encompass a group of solitary macro small or large or multiple micro coronary cameral communications that are increasingly recognized due to sophistication and wide spread application of non-invasive and invasive angiographic imaging modalities[ 103036 ]. Left ventricular chamber dimensions and wall thickness by cardiovascular magnetic resonance: The right coronary artery showed a similar appearance to the left but to a lesser extent.


This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Silent left and right coronary artery – left ventricular fistulas: Three-dimensional volume rendered VR images accurately depicts the relationship of the enlarged right CA to the aorta, right-sided chambers, and the CAs. Coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistula in a heart-transplanted patient. An arterio-capillary variant has also been described.

Left ventricular hypertrophy; M: Myocardial infarction due to multiple coronary-ventricular fistulas. Of these, 6 were normal, 1 showed left ventricular hypertrophy, 1 demonstrated moderate LV systolic function, 1 had severe mitral regurgitation and 1 showed hypokinesia of the inferior wall. Images in cardiovascular medicine. The right coronary artery multiple fistulas arrow to the LV cavity.

Autopsy findings Autopsy of patients with congenital multilateral MMFs to both ventricles depicted insignificant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, cardiac dilatation and hypertrophy, and dilated coronary arteries with histologically, numerous small vessels of various diameters across the myocardium ca,eral patchy subendocardial fibrosis[ 5152 ].

Congenital coronary artery-cameral fistulas: Congenital solitary macro coronary-cameral fistulas On the other hand, congenital solitary macro coronary-cameral fistulas small and large [ 1133 – 35 ] showed an incidence of 0.

The majority of these fistulas are congenital in nature but can be acquired secondary to trauma or invasive cardiac procedures. Despite the good results with surgery, closure during cardiac catheterization has become the method of choice [ 10 ]. Significant coronary artery disease was present in only 2 patients. It is usually congenital and asymptomatic in majority of patients. The patient responded well to oral beta-blockade, reporting an improvement in symptoms 2 months later in the outpatient clinic.


Percutaneous therapeutic embolization; RA: Related articles in Web of Science Google Fisutla.

Noninvasive assessment of myocardial bridging in the left coronary artery by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with multiple coronary artery-left ventricular fistulae: I agree to the terms and conditions.

Current characteristics of congenital coronary cajeral fistulas in adults: In addition, pre-existent congenital multilateral fistua from all 3 epicardial coronary arteries have been reported in a heart transplant recipient, which were detected after transplantation during routine coronary angiography[ 50 ]. They were part of a previous publication[ 11 ].

A case series and review of the literature adding 11 new cases. The trabeculated appearance of the LV on transthoracic echocardiography in this case raised the suspicion of left ventricular non-compaction; however, inspection of the colour Doppler imaging clearly revealed a sustained flow of blood from the epicardial surface to the LV cavity throughout diastole more suggestive of a coronary camral.

Coronary–cameral fistula

The current case demonstrates that the size and anatomical features of a coronary—cameral fistula can be reliably established by MSCT, as opposed to conventional methods such as coronary angiography or with retrograde thoracic and aortic root aortography.

Multiple coronary to left ventricular fistulae. J Med Case Rep. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated a fistula connecting the left anterior descending artery and the first obtuse marginal artery to the left ventricle. Patients with coronary-vascular fistulas CVFs and publications considering a paediatric population were not included. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging.