Bunchosia armeniaca is a. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils . Synonyms: Malpighia armeniaca. Common Names: Peanut Butter Fruit, Marmela, Marmelo, Ameixa do Peru, Bunchoise des Andes. Chinese Name: 文雀西亚. PDF | The scope of this study is to determine the physicochemical properties of the pulp of the Bunchosia armeniaca. The proximate composition of flesh were.
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Bunchosia armeniaca – Wikipedia
Two species share common names Peanut-butter Fruit or Peanut-butter Plant and confusingly similar scientific names: Bunchosia argentea and Bunchosia Armeniaca. Which is more commonly cultivated? This article shares my findings. The reason I care is because the plants bear pretty yellow blossoms and red edible fruit.
The English name Peanut-butter Plant is applied to at least four plant genera: Melianthus major leaf scent ; Clerodendrum trichotomum leaf scentGlyptopleura marginata leaf flavorand Bunchosia spp. It is only the latter that I write bunchosla here. The generic name Bunchosia dates fromwhen these plants were segregated from the genus Malpighia. George Don in explained: From what I learned, of the few Bunchosia species that I studied, the one named B.
Armeniacahas been cultivated sparingly, for fruit and ornament, in NW South America, and is, at certainly nominally, less cultivated and less known in the U. True Bunchosia argentea is fairly common in NW South America and is not cultivated there or elsewhere.
This species, compared to Bunchosia Armeniacais apparently more commonly cultivated in the United States and certainly so in South America.
It is not hard to find web sites and nurseries that discuss it under the name Bunchosia argentea and show photos of it. Perhaps native in northern Venezuela and Colombia, it bunchpsia widely cultivated for its fruit elsewhere in northern South America. George Don in wrote that it had been cultivated in Europe since It is a shrub or small tree to 25 feet tall.
Peanut Butter Fruit – Bunchosia armeniaca
The leaves are lightly hairy, and measure up to up to 18 by 12cm [7 by 4. The fruit can be an inch and an eighth in length. Again, the leaves of Bunchosia Armeniaca are hairless, while those of the real Bunchosia argentea are densely silky with hairs. Assuming for the moment that the plants being sold and described and photographed under the name Bunchosia argentea appear to be misidentified specimens of Bunchosia glanduliferabelow are examples of what is being areniaca of them:.
Fruit about the size of a quail egg, reddish orange, not very juicy, but with concentrated sugars much like a dried fig or American persimmon. Once mature inch potthey will produce yellow flowers that turn into 1 inch fruits that ripen red. Fruits have soft, sweet, dense pulp and a large seed.
In the North, container-grown plants yield fruit by the fall —if in a aemeniaca or conservatory with abundant heat, earlier. Armeniava feet in container, min. Attractive clusters of yellow flowers; abundant 1 inch fruits which turn red upon maturity. The tree likes full sun but can take some shade. Plant 12 feet apart.
Good to pick when the fruits are just starting to turn orange but stillhard. Let ripen fully indoors. Fully ripe when totally soft. Apart from being a valuable tree for the fruit it bears it is also highly ornamental. It can be grown into a bush or a small tree with a tendency to go deciduous during the winter. The yellow flowers are produced through late Spring and are followed by a nearly constant production of fruits in varying quantities.
The dark-red to armebiaca fruit is the size of xrmeniaca quail egg and needs to be picked every day as they spoil quickly on the tree. They can be stored for several days in the refrigerator or can be separated from the seed and frozen.
The skin is very tender with rich, sweet flesh that has a texture very similar to bunchsia butter or a sweet potato. The concentrated sugars of the fruit make it much like a dried fig. They are especially good when blended into a milkshake. The trees, which have a distant affinity to the Acerola Cherry, are hardy and highly tolerant of frost. They grow quickly bunchodia produce from their first year.
When it flowers I will take pictures. If by chance any readers have tasted the fruits of more than one of the three aforementioned species, and care to share opinions as to the relative merits, I welcome such news. If you desire a great deal more information on this genus, including photos, the definitive website is: Bunchosia glandulifera miscalled B.
A lifelong Seattle resident, Arthur developed a passion for plants at 17 buncuosia has made his living growing, photographing, and writing about plants. He is a rare expert who can speak about wild plants, garden plants, and house plants.
Arthur has a special interest in edible plants, and, in his field guide Wild Plants of Greater Seattlehe includes comments on the edibility, taste, and uses of plants found in the city. My very young tree in Hawaii is attractive, fast growing and flowering in less than a year from putting in the ground.
I am excited to try the fruit, and am under the impression that the flesh contains oil. Olives and avocado are the only oily fruits that I know of. If it does, this is good news for fruit lovers. I do not know if the flesh has a good oil. Numerous fruits besides olives and avocados can yield edible oils. A list of many plant genera yielding fatty oils is on page of The Dictionary of Economic Plants 2nd ed. Most oils people use for cooking are derived from seeds.
Peanut-Butter Fruit or Peanut-Butter Plant
At least 19 species of Bunchosia have their fruit reported eaten by humans. I found no record of the seeds being eaten; one old source that stated that some person or people believed the seeds of at lest one species poisonous. In general, the entire family is relatively safe. I expect that careful sampling of seeds is not apt to have adverse effects. I do not know the seeds are poisonous but have tried eating the fruits while they are still crunchy, taste like carrot, with the seeds.
Even my neighbors have also tried eating the fruits with the seeds,we are still alive. I even tried drying the seeds and roased them, tasted like peanut only a litle different. Is it really poisonous? I have planted Peanut Butter Fruit plant small 4 months back in a pot. That plant flowered and fruited,I have taken photos also. I like to upload the same. In June,my plant began blooming, with many dozens of flowers over months, none of which set fruit.
It may need to be hand-pollinated; it may need to be older; it may need pollen from another individual specimen. Maybe its fertilizer ought to be lower in nitrogen, higher in phosphorus and potassium. Hello, Thanks for doing the research for me. DId yours ever fruit? How long till fruiting maturity? Stand Together or Starve Alone: Unity and Chaos in the U.
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Your contribution is welcome! GoodFood World Good food is everybody’s business! Arthur Lee JacobsonJuly 27th, Assuming for the moment that the plants being sold and described and photographed under the name Bunchosia argentea appear to be misidentified specimens of Bunchosia glanduliferabelow are examples of what is being written of them: September 4, at September 5, at 8: April 29, at 9: April 24, at 5: October 13, at October 14, at 9: May 28, at