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He wears a fox’s brush, a large three-tiered collarette, wide breeches, and a loose jacket tied tightly by a belt. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. He is therefore always on the go, very agile and more acrobatic than any of the other Masks.

The primary aspect of Arlecchino was his physical agility. Sandafter p. Presso Andrea Santini e Figlio. Harlequin in His Element. Originally speaking in a Bergamo dialect, the character adopted a mixture of French and Italian dialects when the character became more of fixture in France so as to help the performers to connect to the common masses. In 18th century FranceTrivelino was a distinct character from Harlequin. Final girl Princess and dragon.

The Harlequin character came to England early in the 17th century and took center stage in the derived genre of the Harlequinadedeveloped in the early 18th century by the Lincoln’s Fields Theatre’s actor-manager John Richwho played arlequkn role under the name of Lun. Martinelli’s Harlequin also had a black leather half-maska moustache and a pointed beard.

La Locandiera Arlequin, valet de deux maîtres, Carlo Goldoni

Double agent Evil twin. Bad boy Gentleman thief Pirate Air pirate Space pirate. He also is known to try to win any given lady for himself if he chances upon anyone else trying to woo her, by interrupting or ridiculing the new competitor.

His role is that of a light-hearted, nimble, and astute servantoften acting to thwart the plans of arlrquin master, and pursuing his own love interest, Columbinawith wit and resourcefulness, often competing with the sterner and melancholic Pierrot. One of the major distinctions of commedia dell’arte is the use goldobi regional dialects.


Gentleman detective Jack Trickster. Zan Ganassawhose troupe is first mentioned in Mantua in the late s, is one of the earliest known actors suggested to have performed the part, [4] although there goldooni “little hard evidence to support [it]. Although the origins of the Harlequin are obscure, there are several theories for how the character came to be. This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat Name is said to mean “Tatterdemalion.

Wise old man Elderly martial arts master Magical Negro. He also dons a neckerchief dropped over the shoulders like a small cape.

Harlequin – Wikipedia

He was very successful, even playing at court and becoming a favourite of Henry IV of Franceto whom he addressed insolent monologues Compositions de Rhetorique de Mr. Tracing the Demon from the Carnival to Kramer and Mr.

The role is traditionally believed to have been introduced by Zan Ganassa in the late 16th century, [2] was definitively popularized by the Italian actor Tristano Martinelli in Paris in —, [3] and became a stock character after Martinelli’s death in By the 18th century was a Bergamask caricature. He later develops into a prototype of the romantic hero. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. It originates with an Old French term herlequinhellequinfirst attested in the 11th century, by the chronicler Orderic Vitaliswho recounts a story of a monk who was pursued by a troop of demons when wandering on the coast of Normandy France at night.

Jungle girl Magical girl.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Guazzetto’s mask is characterized with a hooked nose and a mustache.

Various troupes and actors would alter his behaviour to suit style, personal preferences, or even the particular scenario being performed. Commedia dell’arte characters Stupid Zanni class characters Stock characters Fictional tricksters Fictional jesters Clowns Entertainment occupations Commedia dell’arte male characters. Occasionally, Arlecchino would pursue the innamorata, though rarely with success, as in the Recueil Fossard of the 16th century where he is arlfquin trying to woo Donna Lucia for himself by masquerading as a foreign nobleman.


Byronic hero Man alone Tragic zrlequin. Early characteristics of Arlecchino paint the character as a second zanni servant from northern Italy with the paradoxical attributes of a dimwitted fool and an intelligent trickster.

La Locandiera Arlequin, valet de deux maîtres, Carlo Goldoni – Le Grand Méchant Livre

Tristano Martinelli is the first actor definitely known to have used the name ‘Harlequin’ or ‘Arlequin’ for the golfoni zanni role, and he probably first performed the part in France arlequib or just before and only later brought the character to Italy, where he became known as Arlecchino. These authors speculate that Ganassa may have dropped the role in Spain, since apparently he gained too much weight to perform the required acrobatics.

A servant or valet clad in mostly white, created by Giovanni Pellesini. For the opera by Busoni, see Arlecchino opera. Harlequin inherits his physical agility and arlequij trickster qualities, as well as arlequln name, from a mischievous ” devil ” character in medieval passion plays. The character would never perform a simple action when the addition of a cartwheelsomersault, or flip would spice up the movement.

The physical appearance of Hellequin offers an explanation for the traditional colours of Harlequin’s red-and-black mask. For other uses, see Harlequin disambiguation. As developed by Joseph Grimaldi aroundClown became the mischievous and brutish foil for the more sophisticated Harlequin, who became more of a romantic golxoni.

Between the 16th and 17th centuries Arlecchino gained some function as a politically aware character. He is typically cast as the servant of an innamorato or vecchio much to the detriment of the plans of his master.

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